Breeding Ethics

Our goal to to breed functional, healthy dogs with conformation and temperament typical for a Finnish Lapphund; dogs that can live a long and happy life for the benefit and pleasure of their owner and society as well as the dog itself.  We select our dogs intended for breeding and plan mating combinations with this goal very much in mind. 

In our opinion breeding is part science, part art, part luck. We utilise the recommendations for canine breeding published by respected peak bodies to assist us to meet our breeding goals and contribute positively to the Lapphund community world wide. 



The following are our our breeding ethics:

 

Health Testing

  • ​All dogs intended for breeding have their hips x-rayed and scored after the age of 1 and prior to being mated. 

  • All dogs intended for breeding have their eyes tested within 2 years of being mated.

  • All dogs we own/co-own who are intended for breeding who haven't previously been hip scored in Finland will have their elbows x-rayed and scored prior to breeding. 

  • All bitches intended for breeding are tested for Pompe disease or are deemed clear through parentage, prior to being mated. 

  • All dogs intended for breeding will be tested for prcd-PRA status, or are deemed clear by parentage, prior to being mated.

  • Health results are published on our website, copies of health test results available upon request to interested parties and copies provided to the owners of the dogs offspring. ​

Breeding Decisions

  • Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs will be used for breeding. 

  • Only dogs having a sound temprament typical of the breed will be used for breeding. Dogs displaying aggressive behaviour in unprovoked situations or situations that can be considered every day situations will not be used for breeding.  

  • Matings will be conducted with dogs who are either: 

a) Both clear of prcd-PRA. Resulting puppies will be free of prcd-PRA. 

b) One dog is clear and one dog is a carrier. Resulting puppies will either be clear or carriers of prcd-PRA. Dogs that are carriers can never develop the disease, they simply carry the defective gene (which is easily tested for). We happily use carriers in our breeding program as we focus on overall quality and health of resulting puppies. The Lapphund population worldwide has a high percentage of prcd-PRA. To eliminate carriers from our breeding program would eliminate quality and healthy dogs. 

c) One dog is affected and the other clear. All resulting puppies will be carriers. 

 

  • The above principle for prcd-PRA applies to Pompe disease. 

 

  • Females will not be mated prior to age 22 months, with the preferred minimum age being 3 years. 

  • Males will not be mated prior to age 18 months, with the preferred minimum age being 2 years. 

  • Females will not be mated after the age of 8 years old. 

  • Matings will only occur where the COI of any resulting puppies is 6.25% or below (over 8 generations).

  • Dogs should be able to mate naturally. Artifical insemination is not used to overcome any physical inabilities of the dog. 

  • Dogs will not be selected for breeding if they have a high risk pedigree for inheritable diseases. 

  • A cryptorchid dog will not be used for breeding.

  • Dogs with undershot or overshot bites will not be used for breeding.

  • We will not use in our breeding a dog diagnosed with posterior polar or cortical cataracts, iris-to-lens PPM, iris-to-cornea PPM, GRD, TRD, or PHTVL/PHPV grades 2-6. This standard may be updated in the future when more is known regarding the mode of inheritance of these issues or an exception made if all immediate relatives reach an old age without testing positive for these issues.

  •  We will not do a mating where there are known carriers of posterior polar or cortical cataracts in the first or second generations on both sides of the pedigree of the intended litter. This standard may be updated in the future when more is known regarding the mode of inheritance of cataracts or an exception made if all immediate relatives reach an old age without testing positive for cataracts. 

  • We will not do a mating if there are known carriers of any other type of PRA than prcd-PRA in the first or second generations on both sides of the pedigree of the intended litter. This standard may be updated in the future when more is known regarding the mode of inheritance of 'other' types of PRA.  

  • We will not breed with a dog diagnosed with hypothyroidism or whose parents, full siblings or first-generation progeny have been diagnosed with hypothyroidism. This standard may be updated in the future when more is known regarding the mode of inheritance of hypothyroidism.

  • We will not breed with a dog diagnosed with epilepsy or whose parents, full siblings or first-generation progeny have been diagnosed with epilepsy. This standard may be updated in the future when more is known regarding the mode of inheritance of epilepsy or if from studying the pedigree it appears to be an isolated incident. 

  • We will not breed with a dog showing symptoms of any autoimmune disease, or parents, full siblings and first-generation progeny of a dog affected with Addison’s disease, Cushing’s disease or AIHA. This standard may be updated in the future when more is known regarding the mode of inheritance of autoimmune diseases. 

  • We will not breed with a dog diagnosed with any allergy or atopy.

     

     

Stud Dogs

  • Males dogs owned by Orical Kennels will only be available at stud to approved bitches, who have been health tested with satisfactory results and to breeders who share similar breeding ethics.

  • Male dogs owned by Orical will be used responsibly at stud to avoid matador breeding. The total puppies sired by the one dog will not exceed 5% of the total Australian Lapphund puppy registrations over a 5 year period. 

 

Our ethics were developed by taking into consideration the recommendations published in the following documents:

  • FCI International Breeding Strategies published 23/5/2009.

  • Lapphund Club of Finland breeding recommendations (updated 1/6/2015) and breeding targets. 

  • Finnish Kennel Club breeding recomendations.